Using two-way state binding and the global store

In this tutorial I will quickly show how to use the -store= attribute on the State Component Part to enable Modulo.js web components that have named, pseudo-global stores. On top of that, it allows these web components to share state.

In the next tutorial, I'll show how to have multiple State CParts in a single Component so that you can mix private state data with a public state store that you subscribe to. This allows, for example, for a form component to both show global store data (e.g. user login info), and also private state data (e.g. the current form status). So… stay tuned for that!

Wait, what is this 2000-line framework, Modulo.js?

Modulo.js is a solution to a hard challenge: How can we make a very tiny, robust, useful framework in 2000 lines of understandable code? Basically, how do we build frameworks that aren't mysterious labyrinths of node_module dependencies? A Vue/Svelte/React-lite framework a single, easy-to-read file is appealing to beginners and wizened old-head hackers alike!

Modulo.js is a single 2000 line file without any dependencies. It is HTML-first, and browser-first, and integrates with only a few lines of code in any HTML file. It immediately enables you to write productive Web Components. It has most of the features you'd expect from frontend or JAMStack SSG stacks with React.js or Vue.js including state, props, directives, liquid-style templating, data binding and reactive forms, global server-side rendering, hydration, DOM reconciliation tools, and more. If you just want to learn more about this, check it out here:

Turning private state into pseudo-global store

Let's start with the classic "MVC TODO" app in Modulo:

<State list:='["Milk", "Bread", "Candy"]' text="Coffee" ></State> <Script> function addItem() { state.list.push(state.text); // add to list state.text = ""; // clear input } </Script>

Okay, ommitted is a Template CPart (see below for code) that renders an ol (ordered list) HTML content using a {% for %} template-tag, however the rest consists of state data being declared on a State CPart, while being modified by the addItem function defined in the Script.

Right now, if we were to use this (e.g. <x-TodoList></x-TodoList>), each instance would have a private state. This means two things: 1) the state is only available at (e.g., on the element itself), meaning it will be forgotten if removed, and 2) the state is private to most instances. Both of these things are usually what you want. However, sometimes you might want to keep data attached at a global location, or share data between components, so if one component updates, it will update them all.

How to configure a Modulo State to use a store

Configuring a store for a State is easy, it just requires changing one line:

<State -store="shopping_list" list:='["Milk", "Bread", "Candy"]' text="Coffee" ></State>

Here we created a new store with the name shopping_list. This means that this data will now be maintained even if the component goes away and comes back. Furthermore, it means that all x-TodoList components will share the same data.

How to access global store data

Global Store Data

So, I keep on saying it's "pseudo-global", and by that I mean it uses the current Modulo instance as it's parent. That means it won't pollute the global namespace, and you can even configure multiple modulo instances on the same page if needed, in the case of unintended conflicts. However, this is a more rare situation: For our purposes, it might as well be global.

Here's how to access the global data by default (see screenshot above):

All together: Web components with two-way state binding with only one 2000 line file dependency

For a complete example, try saving the snippet below as an HTML file, then open using your browser. Since it has no dependencies other than the 2000 line JS file, you can try out the demo without anything else (not even a test server is needed).

<!DOCTYPE html> <template Modulo> <Component name="ToDoList"> <Template> <ol>{% for item in state.list %}<li>{{ item }}</li>{% endfor %} <li><input [state.bind] name="text" /><button @click:=script.addItem>Add</button></li> </ol> </Template> <State -store="shopping_list" list:='["Milk", "Bread", "Candy"]' text="Coffee" ></State> <Script> function addItem() { state.list.push(state.text); // add to list state.text = ""; // clear input } </Script> </Component> </template> <script src=""></script> <h1>Shopping list #1:</h1> <x-TodoList></x-TodoList> <h1>Shopping list #2:</h1> <x-TodoList></x-TodoList>


Hope this code is useful! Next time I'll go over how to add multiple state variables, so we can keep text private, while making list the only public / shared variable.